Filed by General Motors Corporation
                                   Subject Company - General Motors Corporation
                                             and Hughes Electronics Corporation
                          Pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act of 1933
                                       and Deemed Filed Pursuant to Rule 14a-12
                                      under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
                                                 Commission File No.: 001-00143

                                  TESTIMONY OF

                               EDDY W. HARTENSTEIN


                                  DIRECTV, INC.

                                   BEFORE THE


                                     OF THE

                           COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

                              UNITED STATES SENATE


                                  MARCH 6, 2002

                        TESTIMONY OF EDDY W. HARTENSTEIN
                                  DIRECTV, INC.
                                   BEFORE THE
                          BUSINESS AND CONSUMER RIGHTS
                                  MARCH 6, 2002

                     Chairman Kohl, Senator DeWine, and Members of the
Subcommittee, thank you for inviting me to appear before the Subcommittee. I
appreciate the opportunity to tell you why we believe that consumers will reap
tremendous benefits from the merger of EchoStar and Hughes, the parent companies
of DISH Network and DIRECTV(R). I am going to talk about how, as a direct result
of the completion of this merger, consumers across the United States will have
access to satellite-delivered local broadcast channels with digital-quality
television picture and CD-quality sound in every one of the 210 television
markets covering the country. Charlie is going to talk about how the merged
company also will establish itself as a source of meaningful satellite-based
broadband competition to cable modem and DSL offerings, and will bring
affordable high-speed Internet access to all of America, including the most
rural areas of the country.

                     When I last appeared before this Subcommittee 11 months
ago, I told you that despite the rapid growth of direct broadcast satellite
(DBS) since 1994, cable clearly is the dominant provider of multi-channel pay TV
services in the United States. That remains so today. Of the 107 million U.S. TV
households, 104 million are located in a cable franchise area.(1) (See
Attachment A)

                     Competitive alternatives to the dominant cable operators
did not seriously take form until the launch of DIRECTV in 1994, later joined by
EchoStar's DISH Network in 1996. DBS offered more channels and superior picture

and sound quality compared to cable, with one notable exception: consumers were
not able to receive their local broadcast channels via satellite.

                     In 1999, Congress changed the law, allowing satellite
carriers to offer local channels.(2) Only at this point did DBS become a viable
competitive alternative to cable, at least in those markets in which DIRECTV and
DISH Network began delivering local channels.

                     Today, only those who live in the 42 television markets in
which DIRECTV and DISH Network offer local channels -- about 65 million
households -- have a fully competitive multi-channel alternative to cable.(3)
(See Attachment B)

                     That leaves 42 million households without a true
competitive alternative to cable. (See Attachment C) Customers who live in
markets in which DBS does not provide local channels are forced either to pay
additional subscription fees for a basic cable service to receive their local
channels, or install an off-air rooftop antenna -- and hope for good reception.

(1) Annual Assessment of the Status of Competition in the Market for the
Delivery of Video Programming, Eighth Annual Report, CS Docket No. 01-129, FCC
01-389 at Paragraph 17 and App. B, Tbl. B-1 (released Jan. 14, 2002).

(2) Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act of 1999, Pub. L. No. 106-113, 113
Stat. 1501, 1501A-526 to 1501A-545 (Nov. 29, 1999).

(3) Nielsen Media Research (Sept. 2001).


Neither DIRECTV nor DISH Network, alone, has sufficient spectrum to provide all
local channels as well as the national pay cable networks to viewers in every
one of the country's 210 local channel markets.

                     When we first announced the merger in late October, we said
the merged company could deliver local channels in about 100 television markets.
A week ago, however, we announced that the merged company will deliver local
channels in all 210 television markets, including full compliance with federal
must carry requirements. (See Attachment D)

                     So what happened between late October and last week?
Starting in late December, the EchoStar and DIRECTV engineering teams began
meeting as part of the pre-merger transition process. We challenged them to
develop a technologically feasible and economically viable plan that would allow
the merged company to deliver full local-into-local service in all 210
television markets.

                     The "Local Channels, All Americans" plan maximizes the use
of the combined spectrum and existing and planned satellite fleet of the two
companies. It requires the launch of a new spot-beam satellite, and we applied
last week to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for authority to launch
that satellite.(4) This new spot-beam satellite will be the fifth spot-beam
satellite in what will be a combined fleet of 16 satellites. The plan would
require an additional investment by the merged company of over $300 million to
launch the additional spot-beam satellite. Implementation of the "Local

(4) Application for Authority to Launch and Operate NEW ECHOSTAR 1 (USABBS-16)
(filed Feb. 25, 2002).


Channels, All Americans" plan could begin immediately following merger approval
and the rollout can be completed as soon as 24 months later.

                     This plan can be achieved only because, in addition to
combining the companies' spectrum and satellites, the merger will eliminate the
need for each company to transmit more than 500 channels of duplicative
programming -- we both carry C-SPAN and C-SPAN 2, for example. In addition, the
combination of the companies' subscriber bases makes the delivery of local
broadcast channels to smaller markets commercially feasible.

                     Without the merger, the most markets that each company
would serve with local channels as a standalone provider, both for technical and
economic reasons, would be about 50 to 70. Needless to say, the local
broadcasters I've talked to in the last week are thrilled that they will gain
satellite carriage as a result of the merger.

                     The merged company will continue both companies' current
practice of uniform nationwide pricing. Consumers across the country will pay
the same price for their DBS subscription services, regardless of where they
reside. We are one nation, and we will offer one rate card. (See Attachment E)
For example: a resident of Milwaukee will pay the same fee for his or her local
channel package as a customer in Cedarville, Ohio; a resident of Burlington,
Vermont, will pay the same price for HBO as a customer in Salt Lake City; and a
resident of Mountlake Terrace, Washington, will pay the same price for a basic
125-channel programming package as a customer in New York City.

                     We are confident that the merged company can make the
"Local Channels, All Americans" plan a reality. Without the merger, residents of
communities such as Rhinelander, Wisconsin (DMA #137), Zanesville, Ohio (DMA


#202), Watertown, New York (DMA # 176), and Kirksville, Missouri (DMA #198) are
unlikely to see satellite-delivered local channels in our lifetime.

                     I appreciate the opportunity to share my views.


In connection with the proposed transactions, General Motors Corporation ("GM"),
Hughes Electronics Corporation ("Hughes") and EchoStar Communications
Corporation ("EchoStar") intend to file relevant materials with the Securities
and Exchange Commission, including one or more Registration Statement(s) on Form
S-4 that contain a prospectus and proxy/consent solicitation statement. Because
those documents will contain important information, holders of GM $1-2/3 and GM
Class H common stock are urged to read them, if and when they become available.
When filed with the SEC, they will be available for free at the SEC's website,, and GM stockholders will receive information at an appropriate time
on how to obtain transaction-related documents for free from GM. Such documents
are not currently available.

GM and its directors and executive officers, Hughes and certain of its officers,
and EchoStar and certain of its executive officers may be deemed to be
participants in GM's solicitation of proxies or consents from the holders of GM
$1-2/3 common stock and GM Class H common stock in connection with the proposed
transactions. Information regarding the participants and their interests in the
solicitation was filed pursuant to Rule 425 with the SEC by EchoStar on November
1, 2001 and by each of GM and Hughes on November 16, 2001. Investors may obtain
additional information regarding the interests of the participants by reading
the prospectus and proxy/consent solicitation statement if and when it becomes

This communication shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of
an offer to buy, nor shall there be any sale of securities in any jurisdiction
in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to
registration or qualification under the securities laws of any such
jurisdiction. No offering of securities shall be made except by means of a
prospectus meeting the requirements of Section 10 of the Securities Act of 1933,
as amended.

Materials included in this document contain "forward-looking statements" within
the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such
forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and
other factors that could cause our actual results to be materially different
from historical results or from any future results expressed or implied by such
forward-looking statements. The factors that could cause actual results of GM,
EchoStar, Hughes, or a combined EchoStar and Hughes to differ materially, many
of which are beyond the control of EchoStar, Hughes or GM include, but are not
limited to, the following: (1) the businesses of EchoStar and Hughes may not be
integrated successfully or such integration may be more difficult,
time-consuming or costly than expected; (2) expected benefits and synergies from
the combination may not be realized within the expected time frame or at all;
(3) revenues following the transaction may be lower than expected; (4) operating
costs, customer loss and business disruption including, without limitation,
difficulties in maintaining relationships with employees, customers, clients or
suppliers, may be greater than expected following the transaction; (5)
generating the incremental growth in the subscriber base of the combined company
may be more costly or difficult than expected; (6) the regulatory approvals
required for the transaction may not be obtained on the terms expected or on the
anticipated schedule; (7) the effects of legislative and regulatory changes; (8)
an inability to obtain certain retransmission consents; (9) an inability to


retain necessary authorizations from the FCC; (10) an increase in competition
from cable as a result of digital cable or otherwise, direct broadcast
satellite, other satellite system operators, and other providers of subscription
television services; (11) the introduction of new technologies and competitors
into the subscription television business; (12) changes in labor, programming,
equipment and capital costs; (13) future acquisitions, strategic partnership and
divestitures; (14) general business and economic conditions; and (15) other
risks described from time to time in periodic reports filed by EchoStar, Hughes
or GM with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You are urged to consider
statements that include the words "may," "will," "would," "could," "should,"
"believes," "estimates," "projects," "potential," "expects," "plans,"
"anticipates," "intends," "continues," "forecast," "designed," "goal," or the
negative of those words or other comparable words to be uncertain and
forward-looking. This cautionary statement applies to all forward-looking
statements included in this document.


Attachment A

Cable Franchise Areas

[Map of the United States with certain areas shaded and the phrase "104 Million
Households" written above it. Shaded areas illustrate cable franchise areas]

Source: FCC Eighth Annual Report, "Annual Assessment of the Status of
Competition in the Market for the Delivery of Video Programming." Jan. 14, 2002,
pp. 11, 87; Nielsen Media Research, Sept. 2001


Attachment B

Households With Access to DBS With Local Channels

[Map of the United States with certain areas shaded and the phrase "65 Million
Households" written above it. Shaded areas illustrate households with access to
DBS with local channels]

Source: SkyResearch, Feb. 2002; Nielsen Media Research, Sept. 2001; EchoStar and
DIRECTV, Jan. 31, 2002


Attachment C

Households With No Competitive Alternative Today

[Map of the United States with certain areas shaded and the phrase "42 Million
TV Households Unserved" written above it. Shaded areas illustrate households
with no competitive alternative today]

Source: SkyResearch, Feb 2002; Nielsen Media Research, Sept. 2001; EchoStar and
DIRECTV, Jan. 31, 2002


Attachment D

TV Households With Competitive Alternative After Merger

[Map of the United States shaded entirely, with the phrase "Local Channels, All
Americans" written across it and the phrase "107 Million Households" written
above it. Shading illustrates TV households with competitive alternative after

Source: FCC Eighth Annual Report, "Annual Assessment of the Status of
Competition in the Market for the Delivery of Video Programming," Jan. 14, 2002,
pp. 11, 87; EchoStar, HUGHES, Feb. 2002


Attachment E

National Pricing

[Map of the United States with the phrase "One Nation, One Rate Card" written
across it]

Source:  EchoStar, HUGHES, Feb. 2002