Form 8-K/A





Washington, D.C. 20549




Amendment No. 1




Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 17, 2009




(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)




DELAWARE   001-16715   56-1528994

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation)



File Number)


(IRS Employer

Identification No.)


4300 Six Forks Road

Raleigh, North Carolina

(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (919) 716-7000



Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:


¨ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)


¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)


¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))


¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))





On July 20, 2009, First Citizens BancShares, Inc. (BancShares) filed a Current Report on Form 8-K to report that its wholly owned subsidiary, First-Citizens Bank & Trust Company (FCB), had entered into a definitive agreement (Agreement) with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) on July 17, 2009, pursuant to which FCB assumed all of the deposits (excluding certain brokered deposits), all borrowings, and substantially all of the assets of Temecula Valley Bank (TVB), a commercial bank headquartered in Temecula, California.

This Current Report on Form 8-K/A is being filed to update the disclosures in Item 8.01 and to provide the financial information required by Item 9.01. In reliance on guidance provided in Staff Accounting Bulletin, Topic 1:K, Financial Statements of Acquired Troubled Financial Institutions (SAB 1:K), BancShares has omitted certain financial information of TVB required by Rule 3-05 of Regulation S-X and the related proforma financial information under Article 11 of Regulation S-X. SAB 1:K provides relief from the requirements of Rule 3-05 of Regulation S-X under certain circumstances, including a transaction such as the one set forth in the Agreement, in which the Registrant engages in an acquisition of a troubled financial institution for which historical financial statements are not reasonably available and in which federal assistance is an essential and significant part of the transaction.

Item 2.01 – Completion of an Acquisition or Disposition of Assets

The Agreement provides that assets be purchased and liabilities be assumed by FCB at TVB’s carrying value. Pursuant to the Agreement, FCB received a discount of $135.0 million on the assets and paid no deposit premium.

As required under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (US GAAP) and as discussed in further detail in Item 9.01, the acquired assets and assumed liabilities were recorded at their estimated fair values. Except where otherwise indicated, the accompanying discussion of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are based on estimated fair values on the date of the Agreement.

TVB operated through 11 branches in Southern California. The fair value of assets purchased by FCB totaled $1.11 billion, including $855.6 million in loans and $57.7 million in other real estate acquired through foreclosure (OREO). FCB assumed liabilities with a fair value of $1.08 billion, including $965.4 million in deposits and $79.1 million in short-term borrowings.

The loans and foreclosed real estate purchased are covered by two loss share agreements between the FDIC and FCB (one for residential real estate loans and the other for all other loans and foreclosed real estate), which affords FCB significant loss protection. Under the loss share agreements, the FDIC will cover 80 percent of covered loan and foreclosed real estate losses between $193.0 million and $464.0 million and 95 percent of losses in excess of $464.0 million. The term for loss share on residential real estate loans is ten years, while the term for loss share on non-residential real estate loans is five years with respect to losses and eight years with respect to loss recoveries. The losses reimbursable by the FDIC are based on the book value of the relevant loan as determined by the FDIC at the date of the transaction. New loans made after that date are not covered by the loss share agreements.

Within 30 days after the end of each calendar quarter from September 2009 to September 2019, FCB will deliver to the FDIC a certificate documenting the losses on single family residential mortgage loans and any recoveries offsetting prior losses on such loans during the applicable quarter. Within 30 days after the end of each calendar quarter from the quarter ended September 30, 2009 to the quarter ended September 30, 2014, FCB will deliver to the FDIC a certificate documenting the losses on all other loans and foreclosed real estate and any recoveries offsetting prior losses on such loans. In addition, within 30 days after the end of each quarter from September 30, 2014 to September 30, 2017, the Bank will deliver to the FDIC a certificate documenting recoveries on other loans and OREO.

Within 15 days after the FDIC receives a certificate as described above, the FDIC will remit payment for the covered portion of a net loss reflected in such certificate. If a certificate reflects a net recovery, then FCB will remit to the FDIC the covered percentages at the time the certificate is submitted.

An analysis of the likely short-term and long-term effects of the loss share agreements on FCB’s cash flows and reported results is included in Item 9.01 below.

The foregoing description of the Agreement, including the loss share agreements, is a summary and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full version of the Agreement. A copy of the Agreement, including the loss share agreements, is attached as Exhibit 99.2 to this amended Current Report on Form 8-K/A and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9.01 – Financial Statements and Exhibits

As set forth in Item 2.01 above, on July 17, 2009, FCB acquired most of the assets and assumed most of the liabilities of TVB pursuant to the Agreement. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the historical financial statements and the related notes of BancShares, which have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the audited statement of assets acquired and liabilities assumed, which is included as Exhibit 99.3 to this filing.


The determination of the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed involves a high degree of judgment and complexity. Management estimated fair values of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities in accordance with US GAAP. However, the amount that BancShares realizes on these assets and liabilities could differ materially from the carrying value reflected in the financial statements. The fair value of the acquired loans, OREO and the FDIC receivable for loss share agreements reflects management’s best estimate of the amount to be realized on each of these assets. To the extent the actual values realized for the acquired loans and OREO are different from the estimates, the FDIC loss share receivable will generally be impacted in an offsetting manner due to the terms of loss-share support from the FDIC.


Including the impact of all fair value adjustments, acquired assets totaled $1.11 billion or 6.4 percent of BancShares’ consolidated assets as of June 30, 2009. The fair value of loans acquired totaled $855.6 million, which represented 7.4 percent of gross loans and leases as of June 30, 2009. Acquired overnight investments totaled $27.0 million or 11.8 percent of BancShares’ overnight investments at June 30, 2009. The fair value of OREO totaled $57.7 million. FCB recorded a $103.6 million receivable that was based on the present value of projected amounts to be received from the FDIC under the TVB loss share agreements.

The fair value of total liabilities assumed equaled $1.08 billion or 6.8 percent of BancShares’ total liabilities at June 30, 2009. Deposit liabilities assumed totaled $965.4 million or 6.7 percent of BancShares’ deposit liabilities at June 30, 2009. Short-term borrowings assumed from TVB totaled $79.1 million or 12.2 percent of BancShares’ short-term borrowings at June 30, 2009.


The following table presents information regarding the securities portfolio acquired on July 17, 2009:


Type of Security

    Average maturity
     (dollars in thousands)  

FNMA, GNMA and FHLMC mortgage-backed securities

   $ 20,971    $ 20,631    1.98   (a

US Treasury securities

     300      300    0.24   0/4   


   $ 21,271    $ 20,931     


(a) securities do not mature on a single date;


The following table presents information regarding the loan portfolio acquired on July 17, 2009:


     July 17, 2009  

Loans covered by loss share agreements:


Contractual balance acquired:


Construction/ land development

   $ 387,699   

Commercial mortgage


Residential mortgage


Commercial and industrial




Total contractual balance of acquired loans


Fair value adjustment


Fair value of loans acquired

   $ 855,583   

The weighted average loan yield was 5.44 percent as of July 17, 2009.

The following table provides the contractual maturity of loans acquired as of July 17, 2009:




During year one

   $ 809,106

Between one and three years


Between three and five years


Beyond five years



   $ 1,193,586


The following table presents information regarding the fair value of nonperforming assets of TVB acquired on July 17, 2009:


     July 17, 2009

Nonaccrual loans covered under loss share agreements

   $ 67,428

Other real estate owned covered under loss share agreements


Total nonperforming assets covered under loss share agreements

   $ 125,131

Accruing loans more than 90 days past due

   $ —  

At July 17, 2009, the contractual balance of TVB’s nonaccrual loans was $163.4 million.


The following table presents information regarding the TVB deposits assumed by FCB:


     July 17, 2009


   $ 147,786





Total acquired deposits

   $ 965,431

All of TVB’s brokered deposits were retained by the FDIC.

FCB recorded a core deposit intangible asset based on an estimated value of transaction accounts assumed from TVB. The $1.4 million of core deposit intangible will be amortized on an accelerated basis over its estimated average life, which was determined to be four years. Non-transaction deposit balances were determined to have no core deposit intangible value.

The following table provides the scheduled maturity of time deposits assumed as of July 17, 2009:


Maturing during 12-month period ending July 17,



   $ 764,957












   $ 800,093

The weighted average contractual interest rate for assumed time deposits is 2.80 percent.


As of July 17, 2009, there were $78.5 million in contractual borrowings of TVB outstanding from the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco (“FHLB”). The borrowings were recorded at their estimated fair value of $79.1 million, which was derived based on pricing of borrowings with similar terms available at the purchase date. At July 17, 2009, the borrowings had a weighted average rate of 1.27 percent. The borrowings mature on February 17, 2010, and are secured by FHLB stock, investment securities and a blanket lien on mortgage loans.


BancShares believes the transaction will improve net interest income, as interest earned on acquired loans and investments will exceed interest paid on assumed deposits and borrowings. The extent to which net interest income may be adversely affected by acquired loans that may be designated as nonaccrual loans at a later date will likely be at least partially offset by the loss share agreements and the related discounts recorded upon the purchase of the loans.

Based upon the acquisition date fair values of the net assets acquired, no goodwill was recorded. The transaction resulted in a gain of $56.4 million. The gain resulted from the difference between the purchase price and the estimated fair values of acquired assets and assumed liabilities.

Purchased loans and OREO are covered by loss share agreements between the FDIC and FCB, which provide FCB with significant loss protection. Under the loss share agreements, the FDIC will cover 80 percent of covered loan and foreclosed real estate losses between $193.3 million and $464.0 million and 95 percent of losses in excess of $464.0 million. BancShares expects to be reimbursed by the FDIC for 80 percent of the post-acquisition losses incurred on loans and OREO.

The loss share agreements will likely have a material impact on the cash flows and operating results of BancShares. It is likely that significant covered loan balances will experience deterioration in payment performance or will be determined to have inadequate collateral values to repay the contractual obligation. In such instances, BancShares will likely designate the loan as nonaccrual, which will affect operating results. If the borrower is unable to make the contractual payments, cash flows will be affected. If a loan is subsequently charged off after BancShares exhausts its collection efforts, the loss share agreements will cover a substantial portion of the loss associated with the covered assets.

BancShares does not expect to record any significant loan loss provisions in the foreseeable future related to TVB’s loan portfolio because the loans were written down to estimated fair value in connection with the recording of the acquisition. Nevertheless, in the event that acquired loan quality deteriorates further in future periods, FCB will record provisions for loan losses for increased losses not covered by loss share agreements and increases to the FDIC receivable for increased losses covered by loss share agreements.

BancShares believes that both noninterest income and expense will increase as a result of the TVB transaction. Noninterest income will benefit from the service charge income and other fees generated by new customer relationships. Noninterest expenses will increase due to the personnel, occupancy and other operating costs resulting from the new markets.

Changes to US GAAP that become effective for BancShares on January 1, 2010 affect the accounting for previously-securitized assets. Based on those changes to accounting standards, it is possible that BancShares would reconsolidate loans that, as of July 17, 2009, had a contractual balance of $552,030.


Assets acquired from TVB include $67.3 million of highly-liquid assets (cash, overnight investments and investment securities available for sale), which represent 6.1 percent of total acquired assets. These assets provide liquidity for various operating needs, including deposit runoff. In addition, the acquisition provides access to new customers, and allows BancShares the opportunity to generate new deposit balances as needed to support its liquidity position.

At September 30, 2009, BancShares’ highly-liquid assets totaled $4.23 billion, compared to $4.61 billion at June 30, 2009. The $386.5 million reduction in highly-liquid assets reflects the impact of the TVB acquisition as well as the acquisition of Venture Bank (VB), which was acquired by FCB on September 11, 2009 in a federally-assisted transaction. The reduction in highly-liquid assets resulted from deposit run-off prompted by changes made to deposit rates following the acquisitions. Under the purchase agreements for both TVB and VB, FCB had the right to adjust various terms, including interest rates, on deposit liabilities.


At December 31, 2009, BancShares and FCB were “well-capitalized.” The ratios shown below reflect the impact of the TVB and VB acquisitions. The impact of the acquisitions of TVB or VB were not material to the risk-based capital ratios or the leverage ratios of BancShares or FCB.


     December 31, 2009  
     BancShares     FCB     Well-capitalized

Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio

   13.34   12.74   6.00

Total risk-based capital ratio

   15.58   15.14   10.00

Tier 1 leverage capital ratio

   9.54   8.65   5.00

On January 29, 2010, FCB announced that it had entered into an agreement with the FDIC to purchase certain assets and assume certain liabilities of First Regional Bank, headquartered in Los Angeles, CA. On a proforma basis considering the impact of First Regional Bank, BancShares and FCB remain well-capitalized.


Mergers and acquisitions

We must receive federal and state regulatory approvals before we can acquire a bank or bank holding company. Prior to granting approval, bank regulators will consider, among other factors, the effect of the acquisition on competition, financial condition and future prospects including current and projected capital ratios, the competence, experience and integrity of management, our record of compliance with laws and regulations, and the convenience and needs of the communities to be served, including our record of compliance under the Community Reinvestment Act. We cannot be certain when or if any required regulatory approvals will be granted or what conditions may be imposed by the approving authority.

In addition to the risks related to regulatory approvals, complications in the conversion of operating systems, data systems and products may result in the loss of customers, damage to our reputation, operational problems, one-time costs currently not anticipated or reduced cost savings resulting from a merger or acquisition. The integration could result in higher than expected deposit attrition, loss of key employees, disruption of our businesses or the businesses of the acquired company, or otherwise adversely affect our ability to maintain relationships with customers and employees or achieve the anticipated benefits of the acquisition.

With respect to the 2009 acquisitions, the exposures to prospective losses on certain assets are covered under loss share agreements with the FDIC. These loss share agreements impose certain obligations on us that, in the event of noncompliance could result in the disallowance of our rights under the loss share agreements.

Unfavorable changes in economic conditions

BancShares’ business is highly affected by national, regional and local economic conditions. These conditions cannot be predicted or controlled, and may have a material impact on our operations and financial condition. Unfavorable economic developments such as an increase in unemployment rates, decreases in real estate values, rapid changes in interest rates, higher default and bankruptcy rates and various other factors could weaken the national economy as well as the economies of specific communities we serve. Weakness in our market areas could depress our earnings and financial condition because borrowers may not be able to repay their loans, collateral values may fall, and the general quality of our loan portfolio may decline.

Instability in real estate markets

Disruption in residential housing markets including reduced sales activity and falling market prices have adversely affected collateral values. Instability in residential and commercial real estate markets could result in higher credit losses in the future if customers default on loans that, as a result of lower property values, are no longer adequately collateralized. The weak real estate markets could also affect our ability to sell other real estate owned.

Operational and data security risk

We are exposed to many types of operational risks, including reputational risk, legal and compliance risk, the risk of illegal activities conducted by employees or outsiders, data security risk and operational errors. Our dependence on automated systems, including the automated systems used by acquired entities, to record and process transactions may further increase the risk that technical failures or tampering of those systems will result in losses that are difficult to detect. We are also subject to disruptions of our operating systems arising from events that are wholly or partially beyond our control.


Liquidity is essential to our businesses. Our deposit base represents our primary source of liquidity, and we normally have the ability to stimulate deposit growth through our pricing strategies. However, in circumstances where our ability to generate needed liquidity is impaired, we would need access to alternative liquidity sources such as overnight or other short-term borrowings. While we maintain access to alternative funding sources, we are dependent on the counterparty’s willingness to lend to us and their liquidity capacity.


The frequency of claims and amount of damages and penalties claimed in litigation and regulatory proceedings against financial institutions remain high. Substantial legal liability or significant regulatory action against us may have material adverse financial effects or cause significant reputational harm.

Financial Statements

The following financial statements are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.3 and incorporated by reference into this Item 9.01:

Audited Statement of Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed at July 17, 2009

(d) Exhibits


99.2    Purchase and Assumption Agreement dated July 17, 2009, between Registrant’s wholly-owned subsidiary First-Citizens Bank & Trust Company and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
99.3    Statement of Assets Acquired and Liabilities Assumed at July 17, 2009


Statements in this document and exhibits relating to plans, strategies, economic performance and trends, projections of results of specific activities or investments, expectations or beliefs about future events or results, and other statements that are not descriptions of historical facts, may be forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Forward-looking information is inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from those currently anticipated due to a number of factors, which include, but are not limited to, factors discussed in our annual report on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, and in other documents filed by us from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Forward-looking statements may be identified by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “predicts,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “potential” or “continue,” or similar terms or the negative of these terms, or other statements concerning opinions or judgments of BancShares’ management about future events.

Factors that could influence the accuracy of those forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, the financial success or changing strategies of our customers, customer acceptance of our services, products and fee structure, the competitive nature of the financial services industry, our ability to compete effectively against other financial institutions in our banking markets, actions of government regulators, the level of market interest rates and our ability to manage our interest rate risk, changes in general economic conditions that affect our loan and lease portfolio, the abilities of our borrowers to repay their loans and leases, the values of real estate and other collateral, the impact of the acquisitions of TVB and Venture Bank, and other developments or changes in our business that we do not expect.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. We have no obligation to update these forward-looking statements.


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, we have duly caused this Report to be signed on our behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.





Date: February 1, 2010     By:   /s/    Kenneth A. Black

        Kenneth A. Black

        Chief Financial Officer